Counterfeiting on the Agro Industry - Veritech

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Impact of counterfeiting on the Agro-Industry

Veritech Impact of counterfeiting on the Agro-Industry

February 12

Impact of counterfeiting on the Agro-Industry

Introduction Counterfeiting has emerged as a pervasive issue affecting various industries, and the agro-industry is no exception. The hidden world of counterfeit agricultural products poses a significant threat to the integrity of the agro-sector, affecting farmers, consumers, and the overall economy. This blog explores the multifaceted impact of counterfeiting on the agro-industry, shedding light on its challenges and the potential solutions to mitigate its adverse effects.

Understanding Counterfeiting in Agro-Industry:

Counterfeiting in the agro-industry refers to the illegal production, distribution, and sale of fake or substandard agricultural inputs, including seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, and veterinary products. The counterfeit market preys on the vulnerability of farmers and exploits the complexity of the agricultural supply chain. The consequences of counterfeiting in the agro-industry are far-reaching, affecting both the economic and social aspects of agriculture.


Every industry faces challenges from counterfeiting, and India’s agricultural input sector is no exception. For longer than a decade, regulators, businesses, and farmers in several nations have grappled with the increasing proliferation of IFCS agriproducts over the past ten years. We have observed a consistent rise in the number of violations over the past few years. Beyond monetary losses, these activities are frequently linked to illegal activity that results in tax evasion, fraud, corruption, and even labour exploitation—all of which hurt society.

These are a few global statistics:

India: According to a FICCI assessment, the country’s domestic agrochemical sector is made up of about 25% by value and roughly 30% by volume of non-genuine or illicit pesticides. Similarly, to this, Telangana officials recovered more than 346 tonnes of phony seeds, mostly cotton and chili, during the previous season in 2021.

Ukraine (2016), around 25% of the market for pesticides is made up of illegal products.

Africa: It is believed that poor quality or fake seeds cause the continent to lose up to 70% of its food output. The African Seeds Access Index (TASAI) reports that the massive disparity in maize production among African nations—Egypt producing an average of 7.7 tonnes per hectare compared to Ethiopia’s 3.7 tonnes and Kenya’s 1.5 tons—is partially caused by the problem of fake and sub-standard seeds. The Uganda National Bureau of Standards estimates that 30% of the seed sold in Uganda is fraudulent.

Europe (2016): The existence of fake pesticides in the EU market costs the legal business around EUR 1.3 billion a year in lost income or 13.8% of the sector’s total sales.

Types of fraudulent pesticides purchased (farmers who had purchased fraudulent pesticides).

Economic Impact:

  1. Financial Losses for Farmers: Counterfeit agricultural inputs often lead to crop failure, reduced yields, and lower-quality produce. Farmers invest substantial resources in purchasing these inputs, only to face financial losses due to the inefficacy of counterfeit products. This impacts their income and creates a cycle of poverty and debt.
  2. Reduced Agricultural Productivity: The use of counterfeit seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides can result in decreased agricultural productivity. Crops may be more susceptible to diseases and pests, leading to lower yields. This, in turn, affects food production, food security, and the overall economy.
  3. Market Distortion: Counterfeiting distorts the agricultural input market by introducing unfair competition. Genuine manufacturers and distributors face challenges in maintaining market share and sustaining their businesses. This imbalance affects the overall health of the agricultural industry.
  4. Trade Barriers: Counterfeit agricultural products can cascade international trade effects. As fake or substandard products enter the market, the reputation of the country’s agricultural exports may be tarnished, leading to trade restrictions and barriers.

Social Impact:

  1. Health Risks for Consumers: Counterfeit pesticides may contain harmful substances that pose health risks to consumers. Residues of unauthorized chemicals on crops can find their way into the food chain, endangering public health and causing long-term health issues.
  2. Environmental Degradation: Counterfeit agrochemicals can result in environmental degradation. Unauthorized pesticides and fertilizers may adversely affect soil health, water quality, and non-target organisms, disrupting the delicate balance of ecosystems.
  3. Loss of Confidence in Agriculture: Counterfeiting erodes the trust of farmers and consumers in the agricultural system. Farmers lose confidence in the efficacy of agricultural inputs, while consumers may question the safety and quality of food products.
  4. Social Unrest: Economic hardships farmers face due to counterfeit inputs can lead to social unrest. Protests and demonstrations may arise as a response to the perceived injustice and the failure of authorities to curb counterfeiting.

Mitigating the Impact of Counterfeiting:

  1. Technology Adoption: Leveraging technology is crucial in combating counterfeiting. Blockchain, RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification), and QR codes can be implemented to create transparent and traceable supply chains. This ensures that the authenticity of agricultural inputs can be verified at every stage.
  2. Regulatory Framework Strengthening: Governments and regulatory bodies play a pivotal role in curbing counterfeiting. Strengthening and enforcing stringent regulations, conducting regular inspections, and imposing severe penalties for offenders are essential measures to deter counterfeiters.
  3. Public Awareness Campaigns: Raising awareness among farmers and consumers about the risks and consequences of counterfeiting is crucial. Training programs, workshops, and public campaigns can empower stakeholders with knowledge to make informed decisions.
  4. Collaboration and Information Sharing: Collaboration among stakeholders, including government agencies, industry associations, and non-governmental organizations, is essential. The sharing of information and intelligence can aid in the early detection and prevention of counterfeit activities.
  5. Innovation in Packaging: Innovative packaging solutions incorporating security features can help in distinguishing genuine products from counterfeits. Tamper-evident seals, holograms, and unique identifiers on packaging can act as deterrents.
  6. Support for Legal Alternatives: Providing support to farmers in accessing genuine agricultural inputs is crucial. Financial assistance, subsidies, and incentives can encourage farmers to choose legal alternatives, reducing the demand for counterfeit products.


Counterfeiting poses a significant threat to the agro-industry, affecting the economic prosperity of farmers, the productivity of agriculture, and the overall well-being of society. Addressing this issue requires a concerted effort from governments, industry players, and consumers. By embracing technology, strengthening regulations, fostering awareness, and promoting collaboration, we can mitigate the impact of counterfeiting, ensuring a sustainable and secure future for the agro-industry. The fight against counterfeiting is not just a legal or economic necessity but a moral imperative to protect the livelihoods of those who feed nations.